Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is most commonly used to treat problems caused by anxiety or depression. However, it is useful for a vast amount of conditions and has been used successfully to treat:
- panic attacks
- obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- eating disorders
- post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- anger issues
- sleep problems
- persistent pain
- sexual problems
- relationship issues
- bipolar affective disorder
CBT is a so-called talking therapy. CBT is sometimes combined with drug therapy but usually a CBT therapist will be a psychologist whereas drugs are prescribed by a psychiatrist. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a combination of cognitive therapy, which focuses on the thinking process, and behavioural therapy, which focuses on helping to modify behavioural response to those thoughts.
Any psychological problem or issue which causes people to enter a vicious circle of negative thoughts – negative emotions – negative sensation – negative behaviour can theoretically be helped by CBT to break the cycle and enter a virtuous circle.